عنوان مقاله [English]
Forest rational utilization needs to access via parts of forest. This access will be possible through of forest road. Construction of Forest roads change forest ecosystem. Negative environmental damages are appeared not only in construction but also in use of forest road. Some environmental damages include: disorder in water flow, increase of river sediments, diminish habitat of fish and aquatic organisms, destruction of soil, decrease of soil productivity, land slide, Damage into the forest stand, destruction of natural habitat and overthrow of animal species. However forest road construction is essential for rational utilization and performance of forestry projects. Forest roads have a particular Sensitivity. Since road depreciation will bring many problems; besides road construction, adequate inspection & conservation should be considered. Attempts in order to reduction of road damages will get started from planning stage. High accuracy in forest road planning is needed. Also applying advanced techniques is essential. Some criterions need to pay attention usefully. This paper expresses operative criterions in planning to reduce negative environmental damages of forest road.